As someone interested in attending law school, the legal world has always been fascinating to me — especially criminal law. Even for someone like me who is interested in law, legal jargon can be confusing. Take a look at what I found when researching the different types of thefts covered under the law.
Larceny is also known as simple theft. It is what we commonly think of when we think of theft. Larceny involves unlawfully taking property that does not belong to you and rather another person or entity. Simple theft can be broken down into two main categories: petty theft (or petit theft) and grand theft.
The difference between petty and grand theft depends on the value of what is stolen. Petty theft involves stealing items of under a certain value (depending on the state) and grand theft involves stealing items over that value. As the name suggests, petty theft is considered less serious than grand theft.
Robbery involves intimidation, threat, or actual use of violence when committing a crime. You hear robbery referred to as armed robbery or maybe even mugging. Because of the threat or actual use of violence in incidences of robbery, robbery is taken very seriously and carries very hefty penalties.
Burglary is the unlawful act of entering a building with the intention of committing a crime — in most cases theft. But for a burglary charge to be proven, the prosecution must produce evidence that there was an intention of committing a crime. If you enter the property without that intent, it is not burglary.
Fraud is the act of tricking someone to give you their property or money under false pretenses is known as fraud. Fraud typically does not include any threat or actual use of violence and is often committed within a business setting. This doesn’t mean fraud charges are any less serious than other theft charges. Victims of fraud are often hurt financially — often to a devastating extent.
There are various different types of fraud:
Embezzlement involves being entrusted with someone else’s money and using it for a purpose not agreed upon between the two parties.
This means an individual has created a fake currency or check, among other instruments.
Individuals who lie to the government about their income in an effort to pay fewer taxes have committed tax fraud or tax evasion.
If you’re facing any charges for the above crimes, contact an attorney immediately. Each of these charges brings the potential of having to pay significant fines or serving jail time. Having a criminal record could greatly impact your ability to find a job or housing in the future.
For these reasons, it is so important that you speak to an attorney like the lawyers at Bruno Law Offices. An experienced attorney has seen it all and will be able to argue against the charges brought against you by the prosecution. Don’t take the risk of representing yourself — invest in an attorney.